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Get Started

GTO helps you manage machine learning artifact versions in a Git repository, and their deployment stages (testing, shadow, production, etc.).

Assuming GTO is already installed in your Python environment, let's clone an example model registry and review it's current state with gto show:

$ git clone https://github.com/iterative/example-gto
$ cd example-gto

$ gto show
╒══════════╀══════════╀════════╀═════════╀════════════╕
β”‚ name     β”‚ latest   β”‚ #dev   β”‚ #prod   β”‚ #staging   β”‚
β•žβ•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•ͺ══════════β•ͺ════════β•ͺ═════════β•ͺ════════════║
β”‚ churn    β”‚ v3.1.1   β”‚ v3.1.1 β”‚ v3.0.0  β”‚ v3.1.0     β”‚
β”‚ segment  β”‚ v0.4.1   β”‚ v0.4.1 β”‚ -       β”‚ -          β”‚
β”‚ cv-class β”‚ v0.1.13  β”‚ -      β”‚ -       β”‚ -          β”‚
β•˜β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•›

3 artifacts (models churn, segment, and cv-class) and their latest versions (per SemVer) are listed. We also have 3 stages: dev, prod, and staging. The model versions (if any) assigned to each stage are shown.

Registering a new version

gto register lets you mark significant artifact versions (e.g. an ML model release). Let's register a new version of cv-class and check the registry status again:

$ gto register cv-class
Created git tag '[email protected]' that registers version
To push the changes upstream, run:
    git push origin [email protected]

$ gto show
╒══════════╀══════════╀════════╀═════════╀════════════╕
β”‚ name     β”‚ latest   β”‚ #dev   β”‚ #prod   β”‚ #staging   β”‚
β•žβ•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•ͺ══════════β•ͺ════════β•ͺ═════════β•ͺ════════════║
β”‚ churn    β”‚ v3.1.1   β”‚ v3.1.1 β”‚ v3.0.0  β”‚ v3.1.0     β”‚
β”‚ segment  β”‚ v0.4.1   β”‚ v0.4.1 β”‚ -       β”‚ -          β”‚
β”‚ cv-class β”‚ v0.1.14  β”‚ -      β”‚ -       β”‚ -          β”‚
β•˜β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•›

This creates a Git tag attached to the latest Git commit (HEAD) which bumps the artifact's version automatically (in this case from v0.1.13 to v0.1.14).

Assigning stages

The version we just registered looks very promising. You can promote it with gto assign, for example to the dev stage (for testing):

$ gto assign cv-class --stage dev
Created git tag 'cv-class#dev#1' that assigns stage to version 'v0.1.14'
To push the changes upstream, run:
    git push origin cv-class#dev#1

$ gto show
╒══════════╀══════════╀═════════╀═════════╀════════════╕
β”‚ name     β”‚ latest   β”‚ #dev    β”‚ #prod   β”‚ #staging   β”‚
β•žβ•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•ͺ══════════β•ͺ═════════β•ͺ═════════β•ͺ════════════║
β”‚ churn    β”‚ v3.1.1   β”‚ v3.1.1  β”‚ v3.0.0  β”‚ v3.1.0     β”‚
β”‚ segment  β”‚ v0.4.1   β”‚ v0.4.1  β”‚ -       β”‚ -          β”‚
β”‚ cv-class β”‚ v0.1.14  β”‚ v0.1.14 β”‚ -       β”‚ -          β”‚
β•˜β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•§β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•β•›

This also creates a Git tag, which associates the latest version of cv-class (v0.1.14) to dev.

Act in CI/CD upon registrations and assignments

You may have noticed that gto reminds you how to git push the tags created during registrations and promotions. The benefit of these Git-native mechanism is that you can act upon GTO operations in any Git-based system downstream, for example automating model deployments with CI/CD.

You'll need a GitHub account) for this.

  1. Fork the example repo. Make sure you uncheck "Copy the main branch only" to preserve the repo's tags.

  2. Enable the workflows in your fork's Settings -> Actions page. Now its preconfigured jobs will trigger when Git tags are pushed.

  1. Update your local repo's default remote (origin) with your fork (replace myuser with your GitHub username):

    $ git remote update origin https://github.com/myuser/example-gto

To trigger your CI/CD workflows, you can push any of the Git tags created with GTO, for example the latest model version:

Alternatively, GTO operations can target another --repo directly. Let's try the stage assignment again for example, but on your remote:

# Replace myuser with your GitHub user below.
$ gto assign cv-class --stage dev \
             --repo https://github.com/myuser/example-gto
Created git tag 'cv-class#dev#1' that assigns stage to version 'v0.1.14'
Running `git push origin cv-class#dev#1`
Successfully pushed git tag cv-class#dev#1 on remote.

Note that the tag is created locally first (if not present) and then pushed to the target repo.

To see what the example repo's CI/CD jobs look like, see its GitHub Actions page.

What's next?

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